Check flooding and border strip method are two types in surface irrigation, one of the major methods of irrigation. The lengthwise slope varies from 0.2 to 0.8 %. In the blog, we are going to learn everything about these two with […] This method of irrigation consists in turning the water onto natural slopes without much control or prior preparation.… Water is conveyed to the land by a system of supply channels a swell as laterals. There are mainly three methods- surface irrigation, subsurface irrigation and sprinkler irrigation. 2.2.2 Border irrigation. The strip The main points regarding this are. In a levelled ground, the plots are generally rectangular, but if the ground has same initial slope, the checks or levees may follow contours. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. In the border strip, location of the opening(s) should cause sheet flow along the slope guided by the bunds on either side. Contour checks are prepared by constructing ridges along contours at vertical intervals of 6 to 12 cm and connecting them with cross ridges at intervals. The object of border strip irrigation is to advance a sheet of water down a narrow strip between low ridges or borders and to get the water into the soil as the sheet advances. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. of irrigation, water is either ponded on the soil or allowed to flow continuously over the soil surface for the duration of irrigation. The width of the strip varies from 10 to 15 meters and length varies from 90 m to 400 m. Strips are separated by low embankments or levees. These strips are separated by low levees or borders and run down the predominant or any other desired slope. strips which can be 3-20 metres wide and 100-400 metres long. Let me know that in the comments. The border strip should be level cross wise. The size of check basins is dependent on the infiltration rate. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The area is divided into strips with bunds either side to check lateral movement ofwater (Fig.1).Inthe strip water moves in an elongating thin sheet. She believes a cup of coffee and a good book is the horizon of an ecstatic life. elevations . Labour requirement is less to … In this system, the … Methods of irrigation surface irrigation Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. The Border Method of Irrigation. This results in uneven distribution of water within the plot. Sub surface irrigation is again divided into natural sub irrigation and artificial sub irrigation. method of applying irrigation water. Cross slopes within border strips cause water to concentrate along the lower side of the strip causing uneven irrigation. The method is one of the most recent developments in irrigation. Your email address will not be published. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. […] flooding, basin flooding, flooding by contour laterals, zigzag method of flooding, border strip flooding and check flooding are the 6 types of controlled flooding which is a subcategory of surface […], […] ALSO READ: Check flooding and Border strip methods of irrigation […], Your email address will not be published. Methods # 1. … Let’s jump right into the first method which is border strip method. So, that was the main details on check flooding. Uniform distribution and high water application efficiencies are possible if the system is properly designed. The water is discharged into the strips via border gates, aluminum syphons or plastic piping, In this method, water is let into the strips by concrete risers. Water is admitted to these plots at the higher end and the supply is cutoff as soon as the lower part of the plot has received the sufficient depth of water. It involves slow and frequent application of water to the plant root zone and enables the application of water and fertilizer at optimum rates to the root system. Very little crop land is perfectly level, and the water does not stand at a uniform depth over the entire check. This irrigation is appropriate for large farms that are cultivated by machines. check basin , furrow and border strip method, Internal Control Internal Checking Internal Auditing - Auditing By LATiFHRW, Supply and Demand - Modern Economics LATiFHRW, No public clipboards found for this slide, Mehran University Of Engineering And Technology. Figure 4 illustrates a typical border configuration in which a field is divided into sloping borders. Usually, there is one field channel for every two rows of plots. Proudly powered by WordPress At present she works as a freelancer with Vincivilworld where the engineering knowledge gained from the extensive study meets the vision of the website and consistently updated content on civil engineering. check flooding method of irrigation is used for, Furrow Method of Irrigation- Construction & Advantages FULL Details, Controlled Flooding- 6 Types| Free Flooding| Basin Flooding, Methods of Irrigation- 3 Methods Full Guide, Controlled Flooding- 6 Types| Free Flooding| Basin Flooding | Vincivilworld, Furrow Method of Irrigation- Construction & 5 Top Advantages FULL Guide, Road Pavement Layers – Components & Functions. What are your thoughts on border strip method and check flooding? (2) Border flooding or Border Strip Method In this method, the land is divided into a number of strips, separated by low levees called borders. To irrigate, water is turned from the supply ditch onto the head of the border. In all the surface methods, Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The size of stream should be sufficient to cover the entire basin in a relatively small portion of time required. The method is also known as irrigation by plots since the entire area is divided into several plots obtained by subdividing the entire area by levees. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The border is separated with small parallel low ridges on the sides. Each plot is practically level. Ecological footprint- Methodology, Impact & Examples, Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete- 4 Constituents Full Guide. Check flooding and border strip method are two that comes in the bottom. Border irrigation can be viewed as an extension of basin irrigation to sloping, long rectangular or contoured field shapes, with free draining conditions at the lower end. The strips are levelcross wisewith gentle slope along the line of advance of front. Preparation of land for border strip irrigation is more expensive than for ordinary flooding, but this may be offset by a decrease in water waste because of … Border strip, otherwise known as border check or bay irrigation could be considered as a hybrid of level basin and furrow irrigation. The diagram below shows border strip method. border strip irrigation method | methods of irrigation | border strip method of irrigationeasy method for our fieldmore water requiredthanks for watching Background and Objective: Border strip method of irrigation is a widely used surface irrigation technique which is best adapted to crops like wheat, barley, fodder crops and legumes. Suitability of Border strip method-This method of irrigation is more suitable for soils with moderately low to moderately high infiltration rates.-This method is suitable for irrigating close-growing crops such as wheat, barley and fodder crops. (b) BORDER STRIP: This is a controlled method of irrigation. Strip size: 10 to 20 m wide, and 100 to 400 m long. This method is suitable for row crops. To prevent water from concentrating on either side of the border, the land should be leveled perpendicular to the flow. Drip Irrigation Method. In the border strip flooding method, the farm is divided into a series of strips 10 to 20 metres wide and 100 to 300 metres long. Suitability : To soils having moderately low to moderately high infiltration rates. 17.1. Border strip irrigation (or simply ‘border irrigation’) is a controlled surface flooding. FLOOD IRRIGATION includes several methods: Border strip, basin, contour or bench border irrigation, flooding from contour ditches, wild flooding, and border ditch. Let me walk you through check flooding now. 33.2.4 Border Strip Length. Border irrigation is generally best suited to the larger mechanized farms as it is designed to produce long uninterrupted field lengths for ease of machine operations. Before we begin, let’s look at the classification of surface irrigation. Assumptions. The supply ditch. In this process of drip irrigation, the water drops fall on the root of every plant that is … Borders can be up to 800 m or more in length and 3-30 m wide depending on a variety of factors. It may vary from 1m2 for growing vegetables and other intensive irrigation to 1- 2 hectares for growing rice under wet land conditions. ... 33.3 Design of Border Irrigation System. The border is usually adopted where topography permits precise land levelling at a reasonable cost and where relatively large irrigation streams are available. Oblong plots are preferred to the square plots. Water is turned into each strip through a head gate along one of the narrow sides and flows downhill the length of the strip. A civil engineering graduate from College of Engineering - Trivandrum who is piqued by the power of contents to the lives of people around. Low area will receive too much water and high gets too little. The surface is essentially level between two borders so that the advancing sheet of water covers the entire width of the strip. The drip irrigation method is also called trickle irrigation. The most favorable soil for borders is a free-working loam several The field is divided into a number of bays or strips, each bay is separated by raised earth check banks (borders). Water flows to these borders through siphons or gates. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Border Strip Method: In this technique of irrigation, a field is divided into the number of strips. Methods of Irrigation In Civil Engineering. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Drip Irrigation. […] flooding and border strip method are two types in surface irrigation, one of the major methods of irrigation. Each strip is irrigated independently by turning the water in the upper end. In the blog, we are going to learn everything about these two with figures. The water spreads and flows down the strip in a sheet confined by the border ridges. • Lift irrigation system: water needs to irrigated at higher . Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This depends upon, The following lengths are suggested for moderate condition, The first 6 to 12m length of the strip should be made level to ensure uniform spreading of water. In this method, irrigation water from the field channel is fed to the border strip by simply creating the field outlet or using siphons or gates. Water advances confined and guided by two borders in a thin sheet towards the lower end of the strip. I will surely cover other main categories in another blog. The diagram given below shows check flooding. That’s it about border strip method. Border/bay strip method When using bay or border strip method, the water moves along parallel thin ridges on the surface that are aligned in long strips and in the process of moving the water is absorbed into the soil. Advantages/Pros/Benefits of Border Strip Irrigation System: It is the best method to irrigate close growing crops. These strips are separated by low levees or borders and run down the predominant or any other desired slope. We saw the hierarchy of methods of surface irrigation. This method has three varieties: border strip, furrow, and flooding. BORDER STRIP IRRIGATION IRRIGATING BORDERS BORDERS ARE IRRIGATED BY DIVERTING A STREAM OF WATER FROM THE CHANNEL TO THE UPPER END OF THE BORDER. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Border strip needs through land grading and shaping. Required fields are marked *. It minimizes the loss of water by deep percolation below the root zone or by evaporation from the soil surface. In the border strip flooding method, the farm is divided into a series of strips 10 to 20 metres wide and 100 to 300 metres long. Advantages The size of levee depends upon the depth of water to be applies as well as the stability of the soil when it is wet. also called irrigation streammay either be in the form of an earthen channel or a lined channel or an underground concrete pipe … You can change your ad preferences anytime. However, the more common size varies from 0.03 to 0.06 hectares for medium soils. This method is especially suited to forage crops,its advantage being that for a relatively low investment a system can be developed which can afford the highest irrigation efficiency and lowest labour requirements. These strips are separated by low levees (or borders). Water is diverted to the border strips from the following, These run at a flat longitudinal grade. The length of border strip depends upon how quickly it can be wetted over its entire length. Overhead or Sprinkler Irrigation: In this method an attempt is made to simulate natural rainfall. To irrigate, water is turned from the supply ditch onto the head of the border. Methods of irrigation have both advantages and disadvantages depending on the type. With highly mechanised farming, large area can be irrigated within a short time by border strip method. The size of the plots depends on the porosity of the soil. In this method, the farm is divided into a number of. Check flooding is similar to free flooding except that the water is controlled by surrounding the check area with low, flat levees surrounding each check while in free flooding no such levees are provided and the strips are divided by field channels. E. Border strip method of irrigation The field is divided into a number of long parallel (3-10 ni x 50-30() m) strips which is called border. The present study was aimed to design an irrigation border to maximize water application efficiency which is very important to meet the growing water needs. It is ... Border strip method Blockboard vs Plywood – Which one do you choose? When the advancing water reaches the lower end of the strip, the supply of water to the strip is turned off. Theme: Newses by Themeansar. Border strip method is otherwise called border strip flooding method. 5 ing a slight change in the borders, so that the latitude as regards rotation is rather wide. When the irrigation water has progressed to about 80 percent of the length of the border, cut off the irrigation water and … The border strip has a uniform gentle slope in the direction of irrigation. Border Irrigation: In this method, a thin sheet of water advances down the narrow strip between line ridges and water infilters into the soil as the sheet advances, Fig. Longer border strip are desirable to reduce the labour and other operating costs, however the aspect of uniformity and application efficiency of the border strip should be kept in mind while determining the length of the border. Borders are sometimes called border strips. Lay out the border strip so the lower end is lower than the upper end by about the average amount of irrigation water to be applied in one irrigation. 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A short time by border strip method: in this browser for next. Surely cover other main categories in another blog both advantages and disadvantages depending on the rate.