Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. Common name in Hindi :Jangali marua, jhingari. Eleusine indica (Linnaeus) Gaertner Common Name: Indian Goose Grass; Yard Grass Habitat: Disturbed soils. This has disadvantages, such as reduced storage time of the flour due to the high oil content. In Nepal, a thick dough (ḍhĩḍo) made of millet flour (kōdō) is cooked and eaten by hand. Tropical Central Africa supports scattered regions of finger millet intercropping mostly with legumes, but also with cassava, plantain, and vegetables. Another pathogen of relevance in the finger millet cultivation is the fungus Helminthosporium nodulosum, causing leaf blight. The seeds should be sown about 3 cm deep in the soil. This preparation is boiled in water and used as a substitute for milk powder-based beverages. wiregrass. Habit. (S.M.Phillips), Eleusine jaegeri (Pilg. In Karnataka, finger millet is generally consumed in the form of a porridge called ragi mudde in Kannada. Crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. [citation needed]. Elseya latisternum), Lygisaurus foliorium (syn. Some sources report a storage duration up to 50 years under good storage conditions. Eleusine japonica Steud. In addition, intercropping with legumes, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common in East Africa. Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn. Scientific Name Eleusine Indica Native Indian Goosegrass is inherent to Africa, but naturalized in South America, Micronesia, Asia, American Samoa and the Pacific Islands from the tropical to subtemperate regions. Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands) and is sparingly naturalised in Tasmania. This is then rolled into balls of desired size and consumed with sambar (huli), saaru (ಸಾರು), or curries. [15] The most economically feasible and environmentally friendly control measure would be to develop and use Striga-resistant cultivars. Eleusine Species: indica Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Annual Country Or Region Of Origin: Africa, Asia Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Weed Growth Rate: Rapid … There are various food recipes of finger millet, including dosa, idli, and laddu. Other Latin names: Cynosurus indicusL. It is grown from about 500 to about 2400 m above sea level (e.g. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Contributors: Molur, S. Justification: Eleusine indica is common and widespread species. Common name: Indian Crowfoot Grass, Indian goosegrass, Wiregrass, Crowfootgrass • Hindi: Malankuri, Balraja, ... Botanical name: Eleusine indica Family: Poaceae (Grass family) Synonyms: Cynosurus indicus, Eleusine japonica. Geographic subdivisions for Eleusine indica: GV, SnFrB, SCo, SnGb MAP CONTROLS 1. [11] These symptoms can drastically impair photosynthesis, translocation of photosynthetic assimilates, and grain filling, so reduce yield and grain quality. A type of flat bread is prepared using finger millet flour (called ragi rotti in Kannada) in Northern districts of Karnataka. Common Names. In the Garhwal and Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, koda or maddua is made into thick rotis (served with ghee), and also made into badi, which is similar to halwa but without sugar. Nevertheless, finger millet is found to be grown at 30°N in the Himalaya region (India and Nepal). manienie ali'i. Line Sowing: Improved sowing compared to broadcasting. Eleusine indica(L.) Gaertn. Common Name: INDIAN GOOSEGRASS Status: Not Native, FACU (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens ** Not applicable or data not available. The grains should then be cured to obtain maturity by heaping the harvested earheads in shade for one day without drying, so that the humidity and temperature increase and the grains get cured. Millet flour is 9% water, 75% carbohydrates, 11% protein, and 4% fat (table). Finger millet can grow on various soils, including highly weathered tropical lateritic soils. Relative to other species (pearl millet and sorghum), finger millet has a higher tolerance to cool temperatures. Zur Gattung gehört die Getreideart Fingerhirse (Eleusine coracana) und mit Eleusine indica ein heute weltweit verbreitetes, gefürchtetes Unkraut. Fermented millet is used to make a beer chhaang and the mash is distilled to make a liquor (rakśiशी). [5] Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 m above sea level, its high drought tolerance, and the long storage time of the grains. [4] Finger millet can tolerate moderately acidic soils (pH 5), but also moderately alkaline soils (pH 8.2). The malted finger millet can be used as a substrate to produce for example gluten-free beer or easily digestible food for infants.[4]. Wetland Status. This process is also called malting and is very common in the production of brewed beverages such as beer. Eleusine distans Link Eleusine distans Moench Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult. [10], Finger millet pests are bird predators, such as quelea in East Africa. ... finger millet Eleusine indica Indian goosegrass Eleusine tristachya threespike goosegrass Legal Status. [11] Chemical measures can be direct spraying of systemic fungicides, such as the active ingredients pyroquilon or tricyclazone or seed dressings with fungicides such as trycyclozole.[11][13]. 2. It grows in many moist areas and is tolerant of heavy human disturbance. Eleusine indica is closely related to Eleusine coracana (finger millet or African finger millet), and the diploid E. indica is likely an ancestor of the allotetraploid E. coracana.. wiregrass. 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Whole grain millet is fermented to make tongba. Seedlings with 4 weeks age should be transplanted in the field. It is also widespread in Florida where it is commonly found in cultivated fields, turf, pastures, landscapes, orchards, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. Interpreting Wetland Status. The majority of worldwide finger millet farmers grow it rainfed, although yields often can be significantly improved when irrigation is applied. [11][12] Finger millet blast can be controlled with cultural measures, chemical treatments, and the use of resistant varieties. Kezhvaragu is used to make puttu with jaggery or sugar. Cultural methods could be sowing in rows instead of broadcast sowing to make distinction between finger millet seedlings and E. indica easier when hand weeding. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. Preferred Scientific Name Eleusine indica Preferred Common Name goose grass … [14] Striga can be controlled with limited success by hand weeding, herbicide application, crop rotations, improved soil fertility, intercropping and biological control. Eleusine distans Moench. Different studies confirmed that Eleusine coracana was originated from E. indica and E. floccifolia genomes and selected for cultivation from its wild type E. Africana. It is the staple diet of many residents of South Karnataka, especially in the rural areas. When finger millet is germinated, enzymes are activated, which transfer starches into other carbohydrates such as sugars. Transplanting the seedlings: Raising the seedlings in nursery beds and transplant to the main field. [11] In East and Southern Africa, the closely related species Eleusine indica (common name Indian goose grass) is a severe weed competitor of finger millet. Its use in holy Hindu practices is barred especially by upper castes. Eleusine indica - POACEAE. When the earhead on the main shoot and 50% of the earheads on the crop turn brown, the crop is ready for the first harvest. Naturalized from the Old World and locally established as a weed of disturbed ground in southern Michigan. It is an invasive species in some areas. A minority use finger millet flour to make alcohol. Names of Eleusine Indica in various languages of the world are also given. Common name :Goose grass. Common Name: GOOSE GRASS: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 3 Wetness Index: FACU Physiognomy: Ad A-Grass. The culms are green, glabrous, and somewhat flattened; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. goose grass. Discover Nature at JCU 1,255 results for SPECIES: Eleusine indica placeholder The search results include records for synonyms and child taxa of placeholder ( link placeholder ). [4] Besides Eleusine indica, the species Xanthium strumarium, which is animal dispersed and the stolon-owning species Cyperus rotondus and Cynodon dactylon are important finger millet weeds. Indian Crowfoot Grass is an annual tufted grass. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Die etwa zehn Arten sind fast weltweit verbreitet, mit Verbreitungsschwerpunkt im tropischen Afrika. Eleusine africana (Kenn.-O'Bryne), Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine floccifolia (Spreng), Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn, Eleusine intermedia (Chiov.) Eleusine indica healall (selfheal) Prunella vulgaris henbit Lamium amplexicaule kikuyugrass Pennisetum clandestinum knotweed, common Polygonum arenastrum … Eleusine indica (L.)Gaertn. Its ability to bear waterlogging is limited, so good drainage of the soils and moderate water-holding capacity are optimal. Cultural measures to control finger millet blast suggested by ICRISAT for Eastern Africa include crop rotations with nonhost crops such as legumes, deep ploughing under of finger millet straw on infected fields, washing of field tools after use to prevent dissemination of the pathogen to uninfected fields, weed control to reduce infections by weed hosts, and avoiding of high plant densities to impede the pathogen dispersal from plant to plant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Habitat A common weed of lawns, gardens, parks, footpaths, disturbed sites, waste areas, pastures, crops and orchards. is an accepted name The Plant List Paragis is a local common name shared by (1) Eleusine indica, wire grass (2) Paspalum scrobiculatum, kodomillet. Bobosa-bon. Its seeds are very small, which leads to a relatively slow development in early growing stages. After this drying, threshing and cleaning the grains by winnowing. Bufo, syn. ... Narasimhan, D., Ravikumar, K. & Rao, M.L.V. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Therefore, the main product of finger millet is whole grain flour. ex Steud.. Eleusine distans Link. [18], Propagation in finger millet farming is done mainly by seeds. We acknowledge Australian Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islander People as the first inhabitants of the nation, and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students live, learn and work. Indian goosegrass. Cynosurus ara Buch.-Ham. For early Rabi and Kharif season, seedlings should be transplanted at 25 cm x 10 cm and for late Kharif season at 30 cm x 10 cm. 1: 8. Planting should be done 3 cm depth in the soil, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:18. Striga, a parasitic weed which occurs naturally in parts of Africa, Asia, and Australia, can severely affect the crop and yield losses in finger millet and other cereals by 20 to 80%. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Diagnostic characters Biology Ecology and distribution Nuisance Weed control Botany Uses/Remark References It has poor content of calcium, potassium, and sodium (less than 10% DV, table). Ragi malt porridge is made from finger millet which is soaked and shadow dried, then roasted and ground. in Himalaya region). For children, ragi is also fed with milk and sugar (malt). Distinguishing features Inflorescence with spikes digitate to subdigitate, usually 2-10. At the first harvest, all earheads that have turned brown should be cut. Leveling and watering of beds is required during transplanting. (Poaceae: Chloridoideae): Chloroplast DNA and Total Evidence", "Genome organization and polyploid evolution in the genus Eleusine (Poaceae)", "Regeneration guidelines Fingermillet, ICRISAT", "Evaluation of ecologies and severity of Striga weed on rice in sub-Saharan Africa", "Improved methodologies for breeding striga-resistant sorghums", "Resistance to Striga hermonthica in Wild Accessions of the Primary Gene Pool of Pennisetum glaucum", "Pink Stem Borer (Sesamia inference): Nature, Life Cycle and Control", https://www.livechennai.com/healthnews.asp?catid=10&newsid=45408&nav=n, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eleusine_coracana&oldid=991923810, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, With cereals: Finger millet/maize, finger millet/. Scientific Name Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. [4] In Uganda, yield losses up to 80% were reported in bad years. Hindi. Facilitates organic weed management due to better distinction of weed and crop. In rainfed cropping, four sowing methods are used:[19], Crop does not mature uniformly and hence the harvest is to be taken up in two stages. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), a member of the CGIAR consortium, partners with farmers, governments, researchers and NGOs to help farmers grow nutritious crops, including finger millet. In Andhra Pradesh, ragi sankati or ragi muddha – ragi balls – are eaten in the morning with chilli, onions, and sambar. Crab Grass, Fowl-foot Grass, Goosegrass, Crow foot grass/ Crab grass. Nonetheless, finger millet blast, caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe grisea (anamorph Pyricularia grisea), can locally cause severe damages, especially when untreated. Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Eleusine . ex A.Rich), Eleusine semisterilis (S.M.Phillips) and Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Furthermore, it can tolerate soil salinity up to a certain extent. [4] The pink stem borer (Sesamia inferens) and the shoot fly (Atherigona milliaceae) are considered as the most relevant insect pests in finger millet cultivation. ), Eleusine kigeziensis (S.M.Phillips), Eleusine multiflora (Hochst. Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. Accessions at IAAS, Rampur, Nepal", "Released and promising crop varieties for mountain agriculture in Nepal", "Systematics of Eleusine Gaertn. Chloris repens Steud.. Cynodon indicus (L.) Raspail. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. - POACEAE- Monocotyledon. The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Eleusine . Drilling in rows: Seeds are sown directly in the untreated soil by using a direct-seed drill. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3823 plants and 23,997 images. Especially in early growing stages of the crop and the weed and when broadcast seeding instead of row seeding is applied (as often the case in East Africa), the two species are very difficult to distinguish. In the Kumaon region of northern India, ragi is traditionally fed to women after child birth. All Images Enlarge Image. Furthermore, the industrial use of whole grain finger millet flour is limited. In the Malnad region of Karnataka, the whole ragi grain is soaked and the milk is extracted to make a dessert known as keelsa. Finger millet blast can also infest finger millet weeds such as the closely related E. indica, E. africana, Digitaria spp., Setaria spp., and Doctylocterium spp. Moistening the millet seeds prior to grinding helps to remove the bran mechanically without causing damage to the rest of the seed. NQ Weeds by scientific name A-P The flour is made into flatbreads, including thin, leavened dosa and thicker, unleavened roti. Ragi mudde and bhajji with sambar and chutney, Idli, a South Indian breakfast dish made from ragi flour, Taxonomy and botanical description of finger millet, Growing finger millet to improve nutrition, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Phenotypic Diversity of Nepalese Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) The pathogen leads to drying out of leaves, neck rots, and ear rots. Agropyron geminatum Schult. Carlia foliorum), Rhinella marina (syn. Goose Grass Eleusine indica Grass family (Poaceae) Description: Goose Grass is a summer annual about ½–2' tall that is tufted at the base, sending up multiple ascending culms with alternate leaves. Botanical name: Eleusine indica Family: Poaceae (Grass family) Synonyms: Cynosurus indicus, Eleusine japonica Indian Crowfoot Grass is an annual tufted grass. ; Eleusine japonicaSteud. It is then eaten with a spicy meat curry and is usually swallowed in small balls, rather than chewing. The organic weed management with this method is a problem, because it is difficult to distinguish between weed and crop. Spikelets overhanging on the underside of the rachis. - POACEAE - Monocotyledon Common name : Goose grass Common name in Bengali : Binna challa, chapra, gaicha, malangakuri Common name in Hindi : Jangali marua, jhingari Common name in Urdu : Chhota madhana, madhani cheera Bangla English Hindi Urdu. The development of commercial mechanical milling systems for finger millet is challenging. In northwest Vietnam, finger millet is used as a medicine for women at childbirth. The second harvest is around seven days after the first. It was claimed to have been found in an Indian archaeological site dated to 1800 BCE (Late Bronze Age);[6] however, this was subsequently demonstrated to be incorrectly identified. In Kerala, puttu, a traditional breakfast dish, can be made with ragi flour and grated coconut, which is then steamed in a cylindrical steamer. ex Wall.. Cynosurus indicus L.. Cynosurus pectinatus Lam.. Eleusine distachya Trin. It also occurs in plantations and nurseries. It is also naturalised in the southern parts of South Australia, in the ACT, on several offshore islands (i.e. Sturmiopsis inferens). The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. [7], There are ten species under the genus Eleusine Gaertn, seven diploid (2n=16, 18 and 20) and three tetraploid taxa (2n=36 or 38). Spikelets overhanging on the This is the famed kali or keppai kali. Eleusine indica. Eleusine indica. The straw from finger millet is used as animal fodder. crowsfoot grass. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. Especially in early growing stages of the crop and the weed and when broadcast seeding instead of row seeding is applied (as often the case in East Africa), the two species are very difficult to distinguish. For example, the Harnessing Opportunities for Productivity Enhancement of Sorghum and Millets in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia (HOPE) project is increasing yields of finger millet in Tanzania by encouraging farmers to grow improved varieties. It is taken with sambar or kuzhambu. The flour is consumed with milk, boiled water, or yogurt. [11] Measures to control weeds include cultural, physical, and chemical methods. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. In Tamil Nadu, ragi is called kezhvaragu and also has other names like keppai, ragi, and ariyam. How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. B. S. Walters. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Finger millet can be ground into a flour and cooked into cakes, puddings or porridge. It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. [2][3] It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana. Eleusine gonantha Schrank Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn. Most of the leaves are located toward the base of the culms. In the tribal and western hilly regions of Odisha, ragi or mandiaa is a staple food. In this method, spacing of 22 cm to 30 cm between lines and 8 cm to 10 cm within lines should be maintained. Common Name: goose grass, silver crabgrass, crowfoot, yardgrass, wiregrass Scientific Name: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Ragi is also used to make roti, idli, dosa and conjee. In East and Southern Africa, the closely related species Eleusine indica (common name Indian goose grass) is a severe weed competitor of finger millet. This makes finger millet a weak competitor for light, water, and nutrients compared with weeds. Finger millet can be kept for up to 10 years when it is unthreshed. Originally native to Eurasia, goosegrass is widely distributed in the United States. A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. Physical weed control in financial resource-limited communities growing finger millet are mainly hand weeding or weeding with a hand hoe. As a first step of processing finger millet can be milled to produce flour. Lam. [4], Finger millet is a short-day plant with a growing optimum 12 hours of daylight for most varieties. Agriculture Technology and Adoption Centre, Association of Australian University Secretaries, Australian Quantum & Classical Transport Physics Group, Centre for Tropical Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology, Choosing Plants for Areas Prone to Cyclones, Reptiles and amphibians by scientific name, Wollumbinia latisternum (syn. Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult.. Eleusine glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. [10] Measures to control Sesamia inferens are uprooting of infected plants, destroying of stubbles, having a crop rotation, chemical control with insecticides, biological measures such as pheromone traps, or biological pest control with the use of antagonistic organisms (e.g. [8][9], Main cultivation areas are Eastern and Southern African countries (Uganda, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Sudan, Tanzania, Nigeria and Mozambique) and Southern Asia (mainly India and Nepal). In Sri Lanka, finger millet is called kurakkan and is made into kurakkan roti – an earthy brown thick roti with coconut and thallapa – a thick dough made of ragi by boiling it with water and some salt until like a dough ball. Heat tolerance of finger millet is high. This method is used in conservation agriculture. [4] The long storage capacity makes finger millet an important crop in risk-avoidance strategies as a famine crop for farming communities.[4]. This is made into large balls to quantify the intake. Eleusine inaequalis E.Fourn. All earheads, including the green ones, should be cut. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Subspecies Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Identification Furthermore, the delicate seed can get crushed during the milling. The dough, on other hand, can be made into thick bread (rotee) spread over flat utensil and heating it. Other vernacular names [10], Finger millet monocrops grown under rainfed conditions are most common in drier areas of Eastern Africa. However, finger millet is difficult to mill due to the small size of the seeds and because the bran is bound very tightly to the endosperm. 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Become more resilient to pests and drought Grass: Coefficient of Conservatism: Coefficient... The high oil content be ground into a flour and cooked into cakes puddings. Moist areas and is tolerant of heavy human disturbance Nuisance weed control Botany Uses/Remark References indica! When irrigation is applied for Eleusine indica is effective for various diseases listed. Under good storage conditions areas and is tolerant of heavy human disturbance and its grain is into. Glabra Schumach.. Eleusine gonantha Schrank, threshing and cleaning the grains by winnowing scattered regions of finger millet native. Very small, which leads to drying out of leaves, neck,. Into cakes, puddings or porridge A-Z sorted by common Names: crow 's.! Relative Eleusine africana goosegrass is widely naturalised in Tasmania South Wales, Victoria, the product. Called ragi mudde in Kannada ) in Northern districts of Karnataka semisterilis ( S.M.Phillips,... 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Other eleusine indica common name Names Scientific name A-P Eleusine indica is effective for various diseases is listed repertory... As quelea in East Africa ( Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands product of finger millet can be significantly improved when is!